The Modern Olympic Games

 
Directions: Look through the links in the left column.  You will find a paragraph that briefly describes an Olympic era.  Your team will select an era and together answer the questions you find.  When you are finished answering the questions, click on the corresponding picture or title in the right column to proceed to the WebQuest.

 

The Early Games  (1896-1912)  Facts and Questions

The Early Games WebQuest

The 1920's (1920-1928)                Facts and Questions   

The 1920's Games WebQuest
The 1930's (1932-1936) Facts and Questions The 1930's  Games WebQuest
The 1940's and 1950's                     Facts and Questions The 1940's and 1950's Games WebQuest
The 1960's (1960-1968) Facts and Questions The 1960's Games WebQuest
The 1970's (1972-1976)                 Facts and Questions The 1970's Games WebQuest
The 1980's (1980-1988) Facts and Questions The 1980's Games WebQuest
Recent Games (1992-Present)  Facts and Questions The Recent Games WebQuest

 

 

The Early Games

The Early Games (1896-1912)

 
 
     Coubertin's dream became a reality with the opening of the 1896 Games in Athens, Greece.  Originally, the Olympic Games were held in conjunction with the World's Fair.  But because of poor organization and participation, the movement established itself as a separate event.  Coubertin and his associates were developing traditions that would set a foundation for the future.  There are some unique and fascinating stories of athletes from this era, highlighted by the great Jim Thorpe.  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

     1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

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The 1920's (1920-1928)

 
 
   Despite not meeting in 1916 because of World War I, the Olympic Games were established and growing.  The 1920's saw the advent of the Winter Games.  More women and more countries were participating in the Games.  Some very famous athletes participated in these Olympiads including Sonja Henie, Johnny Weissmuller, Harold Abrahams, and Eric Liddell.  The latter were made famous by the Academy Award winning movie "Chariots of Fire."  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

     1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

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The 1930's (1932-1936)

 
 
     Only two countries hosted the Olympics during the 1930's, the United States and Germany.  Political and economic circumstances deteriorated in this era.  The depths of the Great Depression were reached and the Nazi regime in Germany was planning its expansion.  World War II would prevent the games from being held for more than a decade.  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

      1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

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The 1940's & 1950's (1948-1956)

 
 
      The Olympics were not held in 1940 & 1944 because of World War II.  After the war the Olympics returned, but there were differences.  More women and more countries were participating, including teams from the Soviet Union.  Although the 1936 Olympic Games had been televised in Germany, it was during the 1940's and 1950's when the Olympics received more international exposure.  Televised coverage was broad and the Games were held outside of Europe and the United States for the first time.  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

     1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

Back to Top 

 

 

 

 

The 1960's (1960-1968)

 
 
     The 1960's were a period of unrest.  The Olympics were not immune from this societal change.  Political and social statements were made at the Olympic Games.  The athletes from these Games used their visibility as celebrities to further many different causes.  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

     1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

 Back to Top

 

 

 

 

The 1970's (1972-1976)

 
 
     The 1970's were perhaps the darkest time in Olympic history.  Highlighted by terrorism at the 1972 Munich Games and economic disaster at the 1976 Montreal Games, some thought the Olympic movement was on the decline and would pass away before the centennial games in 1996.  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

     1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

Back to Top    

 

 

 

 

The 1980's (1980-1988)

 
 
     The 1980's saw a flare up of Cold War tensions that carried into the Olympic Games.  This rivalry may have rejuvenated the popularity of the Games despite the two largest boycotts in Olympic history.  The American victory over the incredibly talented Soviet hockey team in 1980 unified and lifted the spirits of the United States after a decade of political, social, and economic crisis.  Perhaps that is why the "Miracle on Ice" was nominated as the greatest sports moment of the 20th century.  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

     1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

    Back to Top  

 

 

 

Recent Games (1992-Present)

 
 
     Today the Olympics are prospering and more popular than ever before.  Ironically, because of its popularity the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is facing some very challenging issues.  The use of performance enhancing drugs by athletes, scandals within the IOC, and the financial stress of hosting the Games has put the Olympics in the news frequently.  Your team should answer the following questions before proceeding to the WebQuest.

     1.  Pierre de Coubertin said, "the Games were created for the glorification of the individual champion."  He also said, "the most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well."  These statements appear to be contradictory.  What do believe is the purpose of the Olympic Games?

     2.  Read through this list of de Coubertin's quotes What do you think were his ideals for the Olympic Games?  List at least 3.  Should athletes who will not be competitive be allowed to participate?

     3.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage declared that "sport must be amateur or it is not sport.  Sports played professionally are entertainment."  Would you agree or disagree with the idea that the Olympics should be for amateur athletes only?  Why?

     4.  The IOC is committed to the Olympic truce which is a tradition borrowed from the Ancient Games.  Is this a feasible idea? 

     5.  Coubertin proclaimed "all sports must be treated on the basis of equality."  Should fringe sports like bobsled, curling, luge, biathlon, and modern pentathlon for example continue to belong in the Games despite their lack of universality?

     6.  Future International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Avery Brundage was quoted as saying, "the Olympics are for the athlete, not the politician."  Is it possible to separate politics from the Olympics?  Explain your answer.

     7.  Should Olympic boycotts be used as a tool to discipline or show disapproval for a country's policies?

     8.  List at least 4 criteria you believe to be important for a host city.

     9.  How important is integrity in sport? 

Back to Top