Lecture 3

Industrial Life and the Rise of Child Labor

 

I. LIVING CONDITIONS:

ннннннннннн A. Poor people usually lived in the oldest part of the cities.

i. The buildings that the lower class occupied were called tenements and were minimally maintained.

ii. Outbreak of disease, such as typhoid, were common.

iii. Garbage was often thrown directly in the streets.

ннннннннннн B. The middle class lived farther out in new apartments or small houses.

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. Disease was kept under control.

ннннннннннннннннннннннн ii. Many families joined clubs to promote a sense of community.

ннннннннннннннннннннннн iii. Middle class was made up of doctors, lawyers, and skilled persons.

ннннннннннн C. The rich lived in large homes with acreage.

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. The upper class was built mansions in the cities.

ннннннннннннннннннннннн ii. They lived like royalty compared with to the other classes.

 

 

II. WORKING CONDITIONS:

A. Workers

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. Factory workers were often women and children.

ннннннннннннннннннннннн ii. Sometimes entire families worked to make a living for the family.

ннннннннннн B. Hours

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. Work began at 4:00a.m.and ended at 7:30p.m. (sunrise until sunset)

ннннннннннн C. Conditions

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. Factories often had no windows, no heating, and no ventilation systems.

ннннннннннннннннннннннн ii. Poor lighting

ннннннннннннннннннннннн iii. Machines had no safety devices and accidents occurred often.нннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннннн iv. Insurance did not exist and if you were injured, then you were

ннннннннннннннннннннннн unemployed.

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III. CHILD LABOR:

ннннннннннн A. Lowell system of hiring young girls

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. He paid them wages and housed these young women.

ннннннннннн B. Children could be hired for cheaper than adults

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. Children were paid between 33 and 67 cents per week where as adults

ннннннннннн ннннннннннн were paid between $2.00 and $3.00 per week in Rhode Island

ннннннннннн C. Children worked in textile mills, mines, factories, and clothes workshops.

ннннннннннн D. Even though state laws existed on child labor regulations as early as 1830, they

ннннннннннн were often ignored.

ннннннннннн E. It was not until 1938 that a national law was passed against child labor

ннннннннннннннннннннннн i. Fair Labor Standards Act

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