The Eighteen National Geography Standards
The World in Spatial Terms
Standard 1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information.
Standard 2: How to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments.
Standard 3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface.
Places and Regions
Standard 4: The physical and human characteristics of places.
Standard 5: That people create regions to interpret Earth's complexity.
Standard 6: How culture and experience influence people's perception of places and regions.
Standard 7: The physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth's surface.
Standard 8: The characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems on Earth's surface.
Standard 9: The characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on Earth's surface.
Standard 10: The characteristics, distributions, and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics.
Standard 11: The patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth's surface, process, patterns, and functions of human settlement.
Standard 12: The process, patterns, and functions of human settlement.
Standard 13: How forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of Earth's surface.
Environment and Society
Standard 14: How human actions modify the physical environment.
Standard 15: How physical systems affect human systems.
Standard 16: The changes that occur in the meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources.
The Uses of Geography
Standard 17: How to apply geography to interpret the past.
Standard 18: To apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
Geography Home Page
National Geography Standards
Sunshine State Standards
2005 NCSS Notable Trade books
2004 NCSS Notable Trade books
2003 NCSS Notable Trade books
2002 NCSS Notable Trade books
2001 NCSS Notable Trade books