ESOL Instructional Strategies



1.Provide a climate of warmth and caring which nurtures a sense of comfort

2.Seat the student close to the front of the room.

3.Establish a daily routine in your classroom and prepare the student for any changes.

4.Use as many of the senses (seeing, hearing, touching, smelling and tasting) as possible to prevent information to students.

5.Provide ESOL students guidelines for written work and home-work assignments.

6.Provide alternative instruction whenever the class lessons are extremely difficult for the LEP student.

7.Arrange small discussion and talking activities that permit students to practice verbal skills.

8.Give verbal information and explanations along with a visual presentation.

9.Allow the students ample time to complete assignments.

10.Keep directions short and simple.

11.Assign buddies and peer tutors to your LEP student.

12.Clearly explain homework assignments since the LEP students lacks the English language support at home.

13.Allow LEP student to use bilingual dictionaries.

14.Utilize learning centers as alternative instruction to provide sufficient reinforcement of content material.


1.Utilize oral techniques, such as cueing, modeling elicitation and chunking.

2.Utilize the Total Physical Responsive (TPR) teaching strategy which introduces a new language through a series of commands to enact an event.

3.Utilize the dialogue journal technique in which the students regularly communicates with the teacher.

4.Speak clearly and simplify the vocabulary; it is not necessary to speak too loudly.

5.Utilize the Language Experience Approach which incorporates the experiences, the oral language, and interests of the student to develop writing and reading skills.

6.Limit correcting errors of pronunciation, structure, or vocabulary. State the response correctly without comment if necessary.

7.Share big books in the classroom, especially those published by the students.

8.Provide frequent review and repetition in each step of language and content learning.

9.Choose reading and writing activities that activate the prior knowledge of the students.

10Use pop songs and favorite read-aloud poems.

11Present new reading vocabulary extensively, utilize props and facilitate multi-sensory formats.

12Integrate your English curriculum with other subject areas to expand English vocabulary.

13Role play stories form literary based reader; if LEP student has adequate language, make him/her an active participant.

14Choose literature representative of the ethnic background in your classroom.

15Provide individual and group activities to develop listening and speaking skills through learning centers


1.Involve students in “hands-on” learning experiences to allow the LEP students to be more active participants.

2.Present new information to students in small sequential steps, allowing the student to concentrate on one thing at a time.

3.Utilize outlines and charts during class presentation.

4.Model instructions for experiments to introduce and explain new vocabulary.

5.Explain clearly all safety procedures.

6.Write instructions on the board so that LEP student can refer to them when needed.

7.Utilize the cooperative learning approach in which the LEP student is given the opportunity for peer instruction.

8.Assign low level language proficiency activities in which the LEP student could experience success.

9.Integrate vocabulary expansion activities, such as labeling, identifying and classifying information.

10.Allow students to answer fewer questions or written problems as long as they acquire the key concept of the lesson.

11.Provide for oral testing of new material if the LEP student is not able to be tested by a written format.

12.Research and present to the class interesting scientific information concerning the targeted ethnic group


1.Employ games and simulations to engage the students in problem-solving and decision making.

2.Assign independent projects in which the LEP student will be given an opportunity to display his/heracademic strength.

3.Guide your students through the process of textbook reading by asking questions, providing purpose statements and conducting discussions.

4.Utilize graphic organizerssuch as webbing and semantic maps.

5.Modify your lesson objectives according to the language level of the LEPstudent.

6.Plan for culturally oriented activities in which the LEP students can contribute their knowledge of their culture and to promote cultural understanding in the classroom.

7.Utilize audiovisual materials which support a multi-sensory approach.

8.Teach the book format to the LEP students to make sure they know how to use each part of the book.

9.Encourage your LEP students to bring newspaper, magazines, and artifacts from their home culture to show their peers.

10.Assign cultural awareness projects to familiarize your students with the differences and similarities of the targeted cultures


1.Encourage students to verbalize the steps involved in solving a problem as they work through it on paper.

2.Use manipulatives to help students visualize the math concepts

3.Allow students to use computational aids such as number lines, abacus, counters and computation charts.

4.Teach math concepts and computation procedures through games and kinesthetic activities.

5.Give practice in reading word problems by identifying the key words to determine the operation needed to solve the problem.

6.Utilize whenever possible good audiovisual programs for presentation of new concepts and assignments.

7.Conduct extensive comprehension checks whether done by the teacher or peer tutor.

8.Begin with the easiest word problem adding the harder problems in a progressive order.

9.Group problems initially by the operational procedure to be used.

10.Research whenever possible the methods of main computation and application of the particular language groups in your class.


1.Teach through modeling rather than giving directions.

2.Assign work in groups with native speakers in English.

3.Have student surpass his own previous record rather than the score achieved by a rival.

4.Select software that has been proved effective for the purpose of using content to enhance language development.